This article was originally published Monday August 20,2012 on the Military Families Learning Network blog. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. If you are interested in learning a bit more about “Assessing the reliability of online information”, join Kristen Mastel and Stephen Judd for a free eXtension webinar on Tuesday August 21, 2012, at 2 PM EDT. The webinar will also be conducted on the DoD/DCO Adobe network on Wednesday August 22, 2012, at 2PM EDT to facilitate participation by military family service professionals.When the information we sought was contained in books and journals that had authors, editors, proofreaders, and fact-checkers, we had a sense of comfort that the material was reliable. (I admit that this is an arguable point.) However, with online publishing, we are left wondering who the author is, where the information came from, and if it’s true.Assessing the reliability of online information is a critical skill for each of us to develop and hone. Using or citing inaccurate online information can be embarrassing, expensive, and perhaps dangerous. Consider someone trying to fix an appliance, based on information they got from a random webpage – if the instructions aren’t right, the result could be further damage to the appliance, injury, etc.C.R.A.A.P.The Meriam Library at California State University, Chico, developed the C.R.A.A.P. test to give users a set of questions to ask when assessing information sources and their accuracy. CRAAP is an acronym that stands for currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose. By applying the questions in these categories to the source in question, a user can decide for themselves whether a source is reliable or not.Some example questions are:Is the information current?Who is the author or publisher? What are their qualifications?Is the information supported by evidence?Can you verify the information from another source?What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?In his excellent book, Net Smart: How to thrive online (2012, MIT Press), Howard Rheingold uses the term crap detection to discuss how to decide if online information you find is true. Rheingold says, “Don’t refuse to believe, refuse to start out believing. Continue to pursue your investigation after you find an answer. Chase the story rather than just accepting the first evidence you encounter.” In other words, be skeptical.Rheingold links to a blog post (In the context of web context: How to check out any Web page) by Scott Rosenberg, co-founder of salon.com, that offers some practical tips for beginning to assess web pages. Understanding who operates a site, how long it’s existed, whether the content is unique or not, and who links to it are all important components of figuring out how reliable the site is.How confident?You may not need to ask these questions every time you visit a new website. Instead, how much time and effort you choose to spend digging into the reliability of the information will be dependent on your purpose.What you plan to do with the information should guide how rigorously you need to verify its accuracy. If you’re just curious about something and won’t be making decisions based on the information you find, then you might be more casual about verifying its accuracy. However, if you plan to stake time, money, reputation, health, etc. on the information, then you should take the time to assess the information’s validity.Role for online networksGiven the vast amount of information accessible to us, having a filter or guide can be valuable. Online networks can serve this purpose, if we intentionally cultivate our networks to include people who are knowledgeable in areas that we aren’t, that share diverse interests, and whose judgement we trust. Curation is a term now applied to the intentional act of collecting and sharing information and links in an online environment. Using our online networks to connect with curators, is one way to apply an initial test to information. Taking Howard Rheingold as an example; if you are interested in this subject, you might use Rheingold’s curated links on crap detection which he maintains on scoop.it as a jumping off point. I trust that he has done, at least, an initial vetting of these sources, so I’m more comfortable with their reliability.Search engines, such as Google and Bing, sometimes include information in search results that indicate if others in your networks have “liked” or “+1’ed” a page. This implicit endorsement by your connections may influence how reliable you believe a site is. Of course, you need to take into account the person, their expertise, and the ambiguity of what it means to “like” or “+1” a page.Ultimately, it’s up to youIt’s your reputation, time, money, health, or well-being that’s at stake when you make decisions or publish based on information you discover online. How carefully you vet that information and its source is up to you.Author: Stephen Judd (+Stephen Judd, @sjudd)
Suspected members of a Naga extremist group on Tuesday gunned down 11 people, including a legislator and candidate of the National People’s Party (NPP), in Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh.The assailants, allegedly belonging to the Isak-Muivah faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland, targeted a convoy of four vehicles near Bogapani, about 20 km from the district headquarters Khonsa, around 11.30 a.m. Among the dead were Tirong Aboh, the MLA representing the Khonsa West constituency, his 20-year-old son Loggem Aboh and party general secretary Wangngoi Hakhun.“As per information, armed men stopped the vehicles and fired upon the occupants, killing 11 people, including the MLA, and injuring two others. An operation by Army units has been launched for catching the perpetrators,” a police spokesperson said from Itanagar. Seeking re-election The 42-year-old Aboh had won the Khonsa West Assembly seat in 2014 as a candidate of the People’s Party of Arunachal. He was seeking re-election as an NPP candidate. “I’m shocked and saddened by the brutal attac. Strongest possible action will be taken against those responsible,” Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju said in a tweet. Chief Minister Pema Khandu said no effort would be spared to catch the culprits.The elections to the 60 Assembly and two Lok Sabha seats in the State, held on April 11, were marked by violence that claimed the life of an NPP supporter on March 29. The man, identified as Jaley Anna, was also allegedly killed by an NSCN faction in Tirap district.Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad K. Sangma, also the president of the NPP, condemned the “brutal attack” and urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to act against those responsible. A defence spokesperson said it was not possible for the armed forces to be in all places in a mountainous territory despite “area domination by the Army and the Assam Rifles.”The attack, officials said, is likely to put the focus on the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act that the Centre had partially withdrawn from three of Arunachal Pradesh’s nine districts where it was in force.In an order on April 2, the Ministry of Home Affairs had announced the partial withdrawal of AFSPA from the Frontier State 32 years after it was imposed. The Act was withdrawn from areas under four police stations — Balemu and Bhalukpong in West Kameng district, Balijan in Papum Pare district (under which Itanagar falls) and Seijosa in East Kameng district. It is applicable in areas bordering Myanmar where that country’s Army has stepped up the offensive against the NSCN (Khaplang) and other northeast Indian extremist groups.
Tirupati, Jun 4 (PTI) Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu, elected unopposed from Andhra Pradesh to the Rajya Sabha, today offered prayers at the famous hill shrine of Lord Venkateswara at Tirumala here.He arrived here on a thanksgiving visit to the shrine last evening and after overnight stay on the hills, visited the shrine this morning, TTD Chairman Chadalavada Krishna Murthy said.After worship, the Minister was presented with a sacred silk cloth and holy prasadams by the TTD Chairman.Later Prabhu also visited the shrine of Goddess Sri Padmavathi at nearby Tiruchanur, he added. PTI COR APR GVS
Indian wrestlers Sachin Rathi and Deepak Punia bagged gold medals at the junior Asian Championships on Sunday in New Delhi. In the 74kg category final of freestyle wrestling, Sachin defeated Mongolia’s Bat-Erdene Byambasuren by Victory by Fall (VFA).On the way to the final, Sachin had defeated Ali Bakhtiar Savadkouhi of Iran in the semi-final, Bekzhan Kamchybekov of Kazakhstan in the quarter-final and Chiranuwat Chamnanjan in the qualification.Deepak Punia, on the other hand, won the gold medal in the 86kg category by defeating Azat Gajyyev of Turkmenistan 10-0.Deepak’s road to the gold medal was as follows:Deepak beat Japan’s Kairi Yagi 16-6 in semi-finalDeepak defeated Daniyar Meldebek of Kazakhstan 11-0 in quarter-finalDeepak advanced from qualification with a 4-0 win over Seyedsajjad Seyedmehdi Seyedi of IranDeepak Punia wins GOLD in 86kgs men’s freestyle at Junior Asian Wrestling Championship in Delhi .Dominant performance by Deepak winning the final bout against A. Gajyyev of Turkmenistan 10-0OGQ is very proud to support Deepak! pic.twitter.com/3AzNyJV7IOOGQ (@OGQ_India) July 22, 2018Apart from Sachin and Deepak winning the gold medal, three other wrestlers settled for silver.In the 57kg category, Naveen lost to Uzbekistan’s Gulomjon Abdullaev 7-1, Vishal Kaliramana lost to Iran’s Amirhossein Morteza Gholi Kavousi 10-7 in the 70kg category and Sachin Giri lost to Sajjad Saberali Gholami of Iran 10-0 in the 79kg category.Three wrestlers settled for Bronze at the wrestling Junior Asian Championships.Mohit beat Bat Erdene Erdenebaatar of Mongolia 10-0 in the 124kg category to win Bronze, Suraj Rajkumar Kokate defeated Japan’s Yuto Tsuchiya to bag bronze in the 61kg category and Karan beat Perman Hommadov of Turkmenistan in the 65kg category.advertisement
Gurugram: An Army jawan, who was on vacation, and his friend were attacked by five men armed with an axe and iron rods in Pataudi on the outskirts of Gurugram. While the Armyman Nitin (21) escaped with injuries, his friend died on the spot. The inter-family rivalry could be the reason behind the murder attempt. According to the police, Nitin, a resident of Daultabad village was at home for vacation. He planned to take his friend out for dinner on Saturday. When they were reaching Telipur village, one Amarjeet, along with his father Umrao and three others, stopped their car and attacked it with iron rods. Fearing for their lives, Nitin and Jagbir tried to flee. Amardeep caught hold of Nitin and attacked him with an axe, while the others nabbed Jagbir. “I somehow managed to flee and hid in a spot where they couldn’t find me. I then made a PCR call and informed them that my friend was still in the attackers’ custody. After a while, when I reached the government hospital in Pataudi, I found Jagbir’s body kept on a stretcher,” Nitin told the police. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderCops received information from the police control room about an attack on a car in Telipur village. “A team from Pataudi police station rushed to the spot and found a person lying in a pool of blood. He was taken to hospital where doctors declared him brought dead. He was later identified as Jagbir,” an officer said. Following Nitin’s statement, an FIR was registered against Amarjeet, Umrao, Manoj, Arvind and another person under sections 148 (rioting, armed with deadly weapon), 149 (unlawful assembly), 302 (murder), 323 (voluntarily causing hurt), 427 (mischief) of the IPC at Pataudi police station.
Alan Cumming was presented with PETA’s Humanitarian Award at a special bash on Sunday at South Florida’s gourmet vegan eatery, Sublime Restaurant & Bar.The Cabaret and Good Wife star was recognized for his efforts to help animals, including by calling on the controversial Miami Seaquarium to free the marine park’s lone orca, Lolita, just last week; starring in PETA’s Not a Dairy Queen pride poster campaign advocating for plant-based treats; and appearing in the group’s vegetarian icon postage stamp series, among other compassionate actions.“Alan Cumming is more than living proof of the energy and youthfulness that come from going vegan — he’s a tireless advocate for animals,” says PETA Senior Vice President Dan Mathews. “As his cheeky PETA campaigns show, he’s not afraid to turn heads if it means inspiring others to make kind choices.”Earlier last week, PETA selected the Top 10 Vegan Sweet Treats from restaurants and bakeries across the U.S., and Sublime landed the top spot, winning the Best Vegan Sweet Treat Award, thanks to its decadent Chocolate Nirvana cake.
WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump confirmed Thursday that he has picked CNBC contributor Larry Kudlow as his top economic adviser and said the country is in line for a long run of upbeat financial news.The United States “will have many years of Great Economic & Financial Success, with low taxes, unparalleled innovation, fair trade and an ever expanding labour force leading the way!” the president tweeted.Kudlow is succeeding Gary Cohn, a former Goldman Sachs executive, at the White House. Cohn is leaving after a dispute over Trump’s decision to impose tariffs on imported steel and aluminum.Kudlow served in the Reagan administration and has emerged as a leading proponent of tax cuts and a smaller government.Kudlow told The Associated Press on Wednesday that he has accepted the offer and said the U.S. economy was poised to take off after Trump signed $1.5 trillion worth of tax cuts into law.“The economy is starting to roar and we’re going to get more of that,” he said.Kudlow will join an administration in the middle of a tumultuous overhaul, with a number of White House staffers and top officials departing in recent weeks. Trump on Tuesday dumped his secretary of state, Rex Tillerson.Trump seems increasingly determined to tax foreign imports, a policy that Kudlow personally opposes. Kudlow said he is “in accord” with Trump’s agenda and that his team at the White House would help put in place policies set by the president.Trump has promised to reduce the trade imbalance with China and rewrite the North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. Kudlow declined to say what advice he would give the president on trade issues, saying instead that Trump is “a very good negotiator.”Kudlow, 70, has informally advised the Trump administration in the past and he has spoken with the president “at some length in recent days,” so he is ready “to hit the ground running.”Kudlow told CNBC on Wednesday that he was going to Washington on Thursday to meet with Trump. White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said the administration “will keep everyone posted” on when Kudlow officially assumes the job.
FALLUJAH – A total of 28 civilians were killed and 200 others injured in the western Iraqi city of Anbar since the start of military operations there weeks ago, a senior medical official told Anadolu Agency.“Most of the casualties were caused by the army shelling of homes, government buildings and worship places in the city,” said Abdel-Sattar Lawas, director of Fallujah General Hospital.The tally, however, does not include armed tribesmen killed in clashes with army forces, he said. The predominantly-Sunni Anbar province, of which Fallujah is a major city, has been rocked by violence since Iraqi security forces dismantled a months-old anti-government sit-in outside the provincial capital Ramadi in late December.The sit-in was a protest against perceived anti-Sunni discrimination by the Shiite-dominated government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.Mohamed al-Bagari, spokesman of the anti-government protest camp in Fallujah, said that clashes were still raging between armed tribesmen and army forces in the city.He said that two tribesmen were killed and ten others injured in clashes between the two sides on Friday.Al-Bagari cited “difficulties” in moving the corpses of the victims to hospital, leaving residents with no other option but to bury their dead in their backyards.
Maryland quarterback Perry Hills calls a play against FIU in the third quarter on Friday, Sept. 9, 2016, at FIU Stadium in Miami. Credit: Courtesy of TNSWhile the narrative of how much of a difference a week can make has been run dry, the No. 5 Ohio State Buckeyes will be looking for back-to-back strong performances after last Saturday’s complete domination of Nebraska. This week, OSU travels to College Park to face the Terrapins in Maryland. Maryland started the year on a hot streak, earning four straight victories. Since then, however, D.J. Durkin’s team has picked up just one win in five weeks, and are coming off an embarrassing 59-3 loss to Michigan. And with OSU up next, it seems safe to say Maryland’s in for another rough week.All-time, the Buckeyes are 2-0 against Maryland. After being introduced into the Big Ten prior to the 2014 season, the Terrapins have given up a combined 101 points to OSU, and this year should be no different. Although senior quarterback Perry Hills has had success against the Scarlet and Gray in the past, a defense that has been gashed by the run all season could spell trouble for Maryland at home.OSU coach Urban Meyer has been repeating the same phrase all week.“Beat Maryland,” he said multiple times.So just how will the Buckeyes beat Maryland?OffenseHills is the man under center for Maryland, and has earned the moniker of one of the most accurate passers in the Big Ten. He leads the conference in pass completions, and has made good use of his legs to keep plays alive. Last time the two teams met, the Pittsburgh native moved with ease through OSU’s defense, compiling 170 yards on the ground. Another big day for Hills on the ground might be in store, but with his status in the air after reinjuring his shoulder, Maryland could instead lean on the ability of freshman running back Lorenzo Harrison III. The quick feet of Harrison have helped him on his way to 633 yards, just 57 shy of a freshman record set in 1997. The way OSU’s secondary has been playing, expect to see the Terrapins looking his way often on Saturday.The offensive line for Maryland has been disappointing at best so far. Allowing the quarterback to be hit is never a good sign for an offense, and that’s become the norm for Durkin’s unit. Giving up more than three sacks a game, Maryland ranks near the bottom of all Division I teams in terms of sacks allowed. The defensive front for OSU should be in for a field day.Staying true to never underestimating your opponent, redshirt junior defensive tackle Michael Hill doesn’t want to take anything for granted.“They seem pretty good at what they do,” he said. “They like to do (guard and center) pulls a lot, and they can move well and run well in open space.”DefenseOSU redshirt freshman running back Mike Weber has enjoyed a solid season of production against some stout defenses, but Saturday will present a new challenge; playing injured. A sprained AC joint could be a problem for Weber, but against a defense like Maryland, he could still be in for a great day. The Terrapins allow 245.6 yards per game, and have a defensive line that represents a sieve more than it does a run-stopping unit.Numbers are sometimes deceiving, according to redshirt junior guard Billy Price. He said Maryland’s defense still promotes a dynamic challenge to the Buckeyes and the offensive line.“Team has had some bumps and bruises, no doubt,” Price said. “But you know what? They’re going to come back this week, they’re going to come at us. They’re very athletic. Their defense … they got a backup quarterback playing linebacker, which is always cool. You never really see that that often. Their defensive front, they’re big guys; athletic.”That “backup quarterback playing linebacker” happens to Shane Cockerille, a redshirt junior who played as a quarterback against Indiana last season to fill in for now-senior Caleb Rowe. Now, however, Cockerille is the man in the middle of Maryland’s defense, and currently leads the team with 79 tackles. Look for his name to be called more than once on Saturday for making a play.BreakdownAfter dominating a quality opponent in Nebraska last week, OSU is itching to see what it can do against some less-than-stellar teams, like Maryland. While the Terrapins deserve praise for improving from last season, there is no indication of a close game this Saturday. OSU’s defense should dominate a Maryland offense that averages less than 200 yards passing per game, and relies on the legs of a freshman running back for most of its rushing yards. Expect a few more forced turnovers this week, along with another big-time blowout by the Buckeyes.OSU redshirt junior J.T. Barrett had one of his best overall performances last week, and could be in for another huge day. The Terrapins are allowing just 204.5 yards passing to opponents this season, but were torched by Michigan junior quarterback Wilton Speight last week for 362 yards and two touchdowns. If Barrett were to ever rack 300-plus passing yards for the first time since Week 1, this would be the time.
OSU then-junior attackman Eric Fannell (20) during a game against Michigan on April 16, 2016 at Ohio Stadium. Credit: Lantern File PhotoThe Ohio State men’s lacrosse team’s success thus far has been bolstered by a strong defense. For a win this weekend in University Park, Pennsylvania, that production will have to be consistent.On Sunday, the No. 5 Buckeyes (9-1) will take on No. 3 Penn State (9-0) in a clash of team strengths. OSU heads into the contest with the No. 3 scoring defense in the NCAA, averaging 7.20 goals given up per game. In contrast, the Nittany Lions are ranked No. 4 in scoring offense, averaging 15.33 goals scored per game.The Buckeyes have faced stiff competition all year, but they must regroup after suffering their first setback of the season in a 12-7 loss to Notre Dame. It was the second time this season in which the Buckeye defense had given up double-digit goals in a game.Penn State is one of the toughest challenges for the stellar Buckeye defense. Freshman attack Mac O’Keefe leads the way with 34 goals on the season, and he dictates how the PSU offense flows.OSU coach Nick Myers has taken notice of his team’s opponent, and the Nittany Lions offense is a focal point.“You’re immediately drawn to the fact that they have been able to generate offense in a number of ways,” he said. “They have a very skilled attack and are very well-coached.”From a player’s perspective, it comes down to what they have on their own sideline and the trust they have with their teammates to continue to play well defensively.“They have threats on offense and we know that, but we like our guys,” said Tom Carey, OSU’s redshirt senior starting goalie. “We want to do our best to put their shooters in spots that we want and give up the looks we want.”Like Carey mentioned, the Buckeyes have supreme faith in whoever is tasked at stopping the Penn State offense. The team wants to force the issue using its style of play to limit them to very few chances at scoring opportunities. With that being said, the goalie position has stepped up and contributed while using a rotation between Carey and junior Matthew Smidt.With rotations at a position in any sport, there can be concerns about inconsistent play. For the OSU defense, they have been an exception and have excelled with the duo. Both Carey and Smidt have kept their goals against average within Myers’ acceptable range, and they exert their upperclassman leadership whenever they enter a game.As for this weekend, Myers has his eyes set on who will lead the team onto the field in the Big Ten opener.“Tom (Carey) is our starting goalie and will start on Sunday night, and I think we need to do a really good job of supporting him,” Myers said.He said the duo is able to step in at any point due to the chemistry between them.“At the end of the day we’re great friends, and that (competition) comes with the territory of playing goalie,” he said. “It’s definitely clear that the coaching staff trusts both of us. Whichever one it is (on the field), we’re confident in the team in front of us.”Whether the team sticks to a rotation this weekend remains to be seen, but the team believes it will be prepared for whatever Myers chooses based on the flow of the game.Opening faceoff is set for 7 p.m. Sunday.