Activism intervened during the 83rd U.S. Conference of Mayors, held at the Hilton San Francisco Union Square Hotel. Hosted by the city’s Mayor Ed Lee, the gathering was held June 19-22. Attending were more than 250 mayors, their families and a number of corporate sponsors. Making an unannounced guest appearance was President Barack Obama.Local activists took the opportunity to raise a number of issues, particularly the Black Lives Matter movement and militarization of the police and their excessive use of force. Also brought up were homophobia, transphobia, gentrification and the environment.The weekend was packed with related actions sponsored by many groups, including Occupy SF, Code Pink and the Anti-Police-Terror Project. The APTP called for a disruption as the mayors were about to board buses to attend a Saturday night “Color of Life Global Celebration” at the California Academy of Sciences. Protesters demanded that the mayors demilitarize their police departments and that there be total control of the police by the communities they are supposed to serve.As the mayors’ buses pulled up, police, who outnumbered the demonstrators, held a line and kept them from crossing the street to reach the buses. Yet they allowed other passersby and hotel guests to get through. Then extremely aggressive police grabbed and shoved demonstrators who tried to step off the sidewalk.To avoid the demonstrators, mayors’ security staff pulled some of them off the buses and escorted them through the hotel. But the political messages reached many despite attempts to stifle them.Photo: Peter MenchiniFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Jan. 1 — The European capitalists created the European Union to encourage the exchange of goods, services and capital. Its greatest beneficiaries have been the big banks, especially those based in Germany and France. It grew to include 28 states with 24 official languages and 507 million people and significantly increased the profits of the big capitalists in each country, even though the EU’s existence imposed limits on national sovereignties.In almost all the countries in the EU, citizens of other EU countries are allowed to live and work without restrictions.The so-called bailouts of Greece and the impending bailouts of Italian banks have in essence bailed out the French- and German-based banks that have major positions in the securities of Greek and Italian banks.According to Nobel economist Joseph Stiglitz, in 2014 the EU was the world’s largest economy; by 2015, it had slipped back slightly behind the U.S. (From his book “The Euro: How a Common Currency Threatens the Future of Europe”) Calculations for 2016, though incomplete, should show a major drop in goods and services produced.In 2014, one euro at its highest bought $1.33. By the end of 2016, one euro traded for $1.04. While only 19 out of the 28 EU countries use the euro as their official currency, which amounts to 337 million Europeans, the currency is officially used by EU institutions and four other European countries. It is second to the U.S. dollar as a reserve currency throughout the world. It began circulating Jan. 1, 2002.Greek crisisThe Greek economy is about 27 percent smaller than it was in 2008 and is still shrinking. (Forbes, Dec. 28) Almost all of the three “bailouts” that the Greek government has received since 2008 have gone to pay debt service, that is, to subsidizing German and French banks that lent Greece money. Very little was used to preserve the Greek people’s living standards. The EU didn’t even reduce the interest the Greek government had to pay to borrow — which was 22.5 percent in 2012, according to Stiglitz.Greece’s debt is around 315 billion euros, which is 180 percent of gross domestic output this year, according to the latest EU data. The International Monetary Fund, no friend of the poor and oppressed, has made it clear that Greece won’t be able to pay off its debt if banks don’t reduce the total.Leading up to a general strike at the beginning of December that all the Greek unions supported, the General Confederation of Greek workers issued a statement: “We are reacting to repressive austerity, poverty and destitution. … Once again we face absurd demands by [Greece’s EU-IMF] creditors.” (AFP, Dec. 8, 2016)Greek unemployment was officially figured at 23.1 percent in September 2016 and has gotten worse since then.The new budget that the general strike was called to protest contains around 1 billion euros from new taxes on items like cars, fixed telephone service, pay TV, fuel, tobacco, coffee and beer. Public spending on salaries and pensions will also be cut by 5.7 billion euros.These figures reveal the deepening misery of the Greek people, forced into hunger and homelessness to pay the big banks.Italian banksBanca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA (BMP), the oldest bank in the world and the third largest bank in Italy, is in danger of foundering if it isn’t bailed out. Not just BMP but other banks, too, are probably shaky.Wolfstreet, a website concentrating on the seamy side of Wall Street, pointed out in July: “The total exposure of French banks … to Italian government debt exceeds 250 billion euros. Germany holds 83.2 billion worth of Italian bonds. The other banking sectors most at risk of contagion are Spain (44.6 billion euros), the U.S. (42.3 billion), the UK (29.8 billion) and Japan (27.6 billion).”JPMorgan Chase, a major U.S. bank, has won a very profitable contract from the Italian government to organize and manage the bailout of BMP. It is generally conceded that if a major bank like BMP fails, contagion could take down many more banks, if not the whole Italian banking system and, with it, banks throughout the eurozone.The euro’s creation and institutions like the European Central Bank, which was designated to manage it, reinforced French and German economic domination of Europe. Rather than sustaining and improving the living standards of all European workers, it has turned into a tool to increase their exploitation and oppression.Workers’ struggles should have no borders. On the other hand, the national bourgeoisies of Europe have erased some of their borders to better control their workers.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
News RSF_en Organisation December 18, 2013 – Updated on January 25, 2016 71 journalists were killed in 2013 To compile these figures, Reporters Without Borders used the detailed information it gathered while monitoring violations of freedom of information throughout the year. Only journalists or netizens killed in connection with the collection and dissemination of news and information were counted in the number of dead. Reporters Without Borders did not include cases of journalists and netizens killed in connection with their political or civil society activism, or for other reasons unrelated to the provision of news and information. Reporters Without Borders continues to investigate deaths in which the evidence so far available has not allowed a clear determination. The annual toll of journalists killed in connection with their work was again very high in 2013, although this year’s number, 71, was a slight fall (-20%) on last year’s, according to the latest round-up of freedom of information violations that Reporters Without Borders issues every year.There was also a big increase (+129%) in abductions and the overall level of violations affecting news providers continued to be very high.“Combatting impunity must be a priority for the international community, given that we are just days away from the 7th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1738 on the safety of journalists and that there have been new international resolutions on the protection of journalists,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said.The regions with the largest numbers of journalists killed in connection with their work were Asia (with 24) and the Middle East and North Africa (with 23). The number of journalists killed in sub-Saharan Africa fell sharply, from 21 in 2012 to 10 in 2013 – due to the fall in the number of deaths in Somalia (from 18 in 2012 to 7 in 2013). Latin America saw a slight fall (from 15 in 2012 to 12 in 2013).Syria, Somalia and Pakistan retained their position among the world’s five deadliest countries for the media (see below). They were joined this year by India and the Philippines, which replaced Mexico and Brazil, although the number of journalists killed in Brazil, five, was the same as last year. Two journalists were killed in Mexico, while three others disappeared. The return of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) to power and new government pressure on the media contributed to a sharp increase in self-censorship in Mexico. An increase in self-censorship was probably also the reason for the fall in the number of journalists killed in other countries.39% of the deaths occurred in conflicts zones, defined as Syria, Somalia, Mali, the Indian province of Chhattisgarh, the Pakistani province of Balochistan and the Russian republic of Dagestan. The other journalists were killed in bombings, by armed groups linked to organized crime (including drug trafficking), by Islamist militias, by police or other security forces, or on the orders of corrupt officials.Of the 71 journalists killed in 2013, 37% worked for the print media, 30% for radio stations, 30% for TV and 3% for news websites. The overwhelming majority of the victims (96%) were men.The number of journalists killed in connection with their work in 2013 fell by 20% compared with 2012, but 2012 was an “exceptionally deadly” year with a total of 88 killed. The numbers were 67 in 2011, 58 in 2010 and 75 in 2009. The fall in 2013 was also offset by an increase in physical attacks and threats by security forces and non-state actors. Journalists were systematically targeted by the security forces in Turkey, in connection with the Gezi Park protests, and to a lesser extent in Ukraine, in connection with the Independence Square (“Maidan”) protests.More than 100 cases of harassment and violence against journalists were registered during the “Brazilian spring” protests, most of them blamed on the military police. Colombia and Mexico also saw major protests that gave rise to police violence against media personnel. Journalists were among the victims of the political unrest in Egypt in 2013, sectarian unrest in Iraq, and militia violence in Libya. In Guinea, journalists where regularly threatened, by both government and opposition, during protests prior to the elections. India, Bangladesh and Pakistan also saw an increase in threats and attacks against journalists, as well as murders.There was a big increase in the number of journalists kidnapped (from 38 in 2012 to 87 in 2013). Most of the cases were in the Middle East and North Africa (71) followed by sub-Saharan Africa (11). In 2013, 49 journalists were kidnapped in Syria and 14 in Libya. Abductions gained pace in Syria in 2013 and became more and more systematic in nature, deterring many reporters from going into the field. Foreign journalists were increasingly targeted by the government and by Islamists groups such as Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) and Jabhat Al-Nosra, but their Syrian colleagues were the most exposed. At least 18 foreign journalists and 22 Syrian news providers are currently abducted or missing.Threats and violence forced a growing number of journalists to flee abroad. The violence of the conflict in Syria led to the departure of at least 31 professional and citizen-journalists in 2013. Many of them are now in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon or Egypt, destitute and vulnerable. Victims of xenophobia and accused of being Muslim Brotherhood supporters in Egypt, interrogated and threatened by the security services in Jordan, and threatened by pro-Assad militias in Lebanon, their situation often continues to be extremely precarious.Despite the moderate candidate Hassan Rouhani’s election as Iran’s president in June 2013, and despite his promises of reform, 12 Iranian journalists fled the country in 2013 to escape government persecution.Five Eritrean journalists fled abroad in 2013 to escape their country’s tyrannical regime, refusing to be President Issaias Afeworki’s propaganda slaves or fearing that they could be arrested and held incommunicado in one of the country’s appalling prison camps.The exodus of journalists continued in Somalia. Most of them end up in neighbouring Kenya, where their safety and living conditions declined in 2013 because of an increase in xenophobia resulting from the military offensive that Kenya launched in Somalia in 2011 and because of the uncertainty surrounding the UN Refugee Agency’s registration of Somali requests for protection.At least 178 journalists are in prison right now. China, Eritrea, Turkey, Iran and Syria continue to be world’s five leading jailers of journalists (see below), as they were in 2012. The number of imprisoned journalists is largely unchanged in China, Eritrea, Iran and Syria and has fallen somewhat in Turkey. Legislative reforms in Turkey have led to the conditional release of about 20 journalists but fall far short of what is needed to address the judicial system’s repressive practices.These violations of freedom of information target news providers in the broadest sense, citizen-journalists and netizens, as well as professional journalists. In addition to the 71 professional media fatalities, 39 citizen-journalists and netizens were killed in 2013 (down slightly from 47 in 2012), above all in Syria. These citizen-journalists are ordinary men and women who act as reporters, photographers and videographers, trying to document their daily lives and the political violence and persecution to which they are exposed. Reporters Without Borders’ secretary-general called for tougher measures to combat impunity when he spoke at a UN Security Council meeting in New York on 13 December on “Protecting journalists.” RWB wants Article 8 of the International Criminal Court’s statute to be amended so that “deliberate attacks on journalists, media workers and associated personnel” are defined as war crimes.Additionally, Reporters Without Borders is recommending the creation of a group of independent experts or a monitoring group attached to the UN secretariat with the task of monitoring respect by member states for their obligation to ensure impartial and effective prosecution of cases of violence against journalists. Finally, RWB is calling on the UN and member states to promote procedures for protecting and resettling news providers and human rights defenders who are in danger in transit countries after fleeing abroad, and to create a specific alert mechanism. 71 journalists were killed in 20132013 in numbersJournalists killed: 71 (-20%)Journalists arrested: 826 (-6%)Journalists threatened or physically attacked: 2160 (+9%)Journalists kidnapped: 87 (+129%)Journalists who fled their country: 77 (+5%)Media assistants killed: 6Netizens and citizen-journalists killed: 39 (-17%)Bloggers and netizens arrested: 127 (-12%)Journalists killed:39% in a war zone8% freelance4% women journalistsMedia typesPrint: 37%Radio: 30%TV: 30%Website: 3%178 journalists in prison (on 16 December 2013)37 journalists have been kidnapped or have disappeared (on 18 december 2013) Help by sharing this information CPJ also released detailed statistics today. Information can be found on CPJ’s website. The five deadliest countries for journalistsSyria: cemetery for news providersAt least 10 journalists and 35 citizen-journalists killedSyria’s civil population and news providers continue to be the victims of the Assad regime’s bloody crackdown. News providers are also increasingly being targeted by Islamist armed groups affiliated to Al-Qaeda that do not tolerate news media and tend to regard any news provider as a spy or infidel. In this respect, 2013 was a turning point because Jihadi groups began kidnapping and murdering journalists in the so-called “liberated” zones for the first time since the start of the uprising in 2011. In late 2013, they killed the Syrian journalist Mohammed Saeed and the Iraqi journalist Yasser Faysal Al-Joumaili.Somalia: Al-Shabaab’s wrath7 journalists killed2013 was less bloody than 2012, when 18 journalists were killed, but news providers continue to among the targets of the Islamist militia Al-Shabaab’s bloody activities. Seven journalists were killed in 2013 in attacks blamed on Al-Shabaab, whose deadly methods are notorious. On 27 October, a TV journalist died from gunshot injuries received in a motorcycle attack. In March, a young woman radio producer from the provinces was the victim of an execution-style killing on a Mogadishu street. Such targeted murders sustain a climate of terror in the Somali media community. Journalists are also the victims of a government that fails to protect them and takes a dim view of outspoken independent media. Radio Shabelle’s journalists were in the habit of living in their offices in order to limit their exposure on the streets until the interior ministry evicted them in October 2013.India: hate and vilification8 journalists killedThe toll of eight journalists killed in connection with their work in 2013 broke all records in India. Criminal gangs, demonstrators and political party supporters were to blame in some cases. But local police and security forces were also guilty of rarely-punished violence and threats against reporters, forcing them to censor themselves. The murders of Dainik Ganadoot employees Ranjit Chowdhury, Sujit Bhattacharya and Balaram Ghosh and Dainik Aaj reporter Rakesh Sharma were emblematic of the unprecedented level of violence against media personnel. All three employees present were stabbed to death by the two men who entered the premises of the Bengali-language Dainik Ganadoot in the northeastern state of Tripura on 19 May. Dainik Aaj’s Rakesh Sharma was deliberately lured into an ambush before being shot in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh on 23 August. Journalists are often targeted by both the security forces and armed rebels in Kashmir and Chhattisgarh. Even if these regions do not have the most victims, they now count among the most dangerous for journalists and are subject to increased censorship by the federal authorities.Pakistan: bombs and no-go zones7 journalists killedWith one bombing after another, Pakistan was the world’s deadliest country for the media from 2009 to 2011. Journalists were killed at the rate of almost one a month from 2010 to 2012. Seven lost their lives trying to inform their fellow citizens in 2013. Much of the violence is concentrated in the northwestern Tribal Areas and the southwestern province of Balochistan but these regions do not have a monopoly on violence and impunity.Karachi is a very dangerous city for journalists, as evidenced by an armed attack on the Express Media building by men on motorcycles on 2 December and the discovery of the body of the Balochi journalist Haji Abdul Razzak on 22 August, months after he disappeared. Police violence, abuse of authority by powerful local officials and anti-terrorism prosecutions continue to jeopardize media freedom. Pakistan has nonetheless been chosen as one of the first countries to implement the UN “Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity.” Philippines: hit-men on motorcycles8 journalists killedWhat do Rogelio Butalid’s murder in Tagum City on 11 December, and Jesus Tabanao’s murder in Cebu City on 14 September have in common? All were gunned down in cold blood by masked men on motorcycles who did not worry about witnesses. This is such a widespread method that the Philippine Star wrote in an editorial: “The motorcycle has become the getaway vehicle of choice for the murderers of journalists and militants, robbers of banks and armoured vans, and even petty snatchers. Most of the crimes are committed during daytime, when heavy traffic allows crooks on motorcycles to elude pursuing police cars.”Private militias, corrupt politicians’ thugs and contract killers who work for a few thousand dollars continue to threaten and kill journalists with complete impunity. Eight media personnel were murdered in 2013. Less than 10 per cent of these killings lead to convictions. In the few cases in which the police complete an investigation successfully, the judges are usually unable or unwilling to do their job.The world’s five biggest prisons for journalistsChina: obsessed with surveillanceAt least 30 journalists and 70 netizens currently held for providing informationAccording to official information, around 100 news providers are currently imprisoned in China, but that does not include those held in its notorious unofficial prisons after being abducted. By arresting journalists and bloggers and cracking down harder on cyber-dissidents, the authorities are trying to tighten their grip on news and information and encourage self-censorship. The police above all target human rights defenders and activists campaigning for political reforms such as Xu Zhiyong and Guo Feixiong (Yang Maodong), jailed on trumped-up charges without being brought before a judge.But journalists and bloggers who embarrass party officials by exposing corruption are also targeted. Liu Hu of the daily Xin Kuai Bao (Modern Express) is the Communist Party’s latest victim, although the party is supposed to be campaigning against corruption within its ranks. Detained since 30 September, he was finally charged with defamation 37 days after his arrest for posting information on his Weibo account about corrupt activities implicating state administration deputy director for industry and commerce Ma Zhengqi.Eritrea: consigned to oblivion28 journalists in prisonHell and damnation are eternal for the 28 journalists currently imprisoned in Eritrea. Of the 11 journalists arrested in 2001, seven have died in detention from mistreatment or despair, in silence and oblivion, and the other four are still held 12 years later, without ever having seen a judge. Prison conditions are inhuman – solitary confinement in underground cells, confinement in metal containers left in the sun for hours, food and water deprivation, and overcrowding.Only the government has the right to use its voice in Eritrea, which has one of the planet’s last totalitarian regimes and is ranked last in the Reporters Without Borders press freedom index for the eighth year running. Opposition parties, privately-owned media and unregistered religious organization are all banned. Journalists who are suspected of “violating national security” or just being critical of the regime are arrested and left to die a slow death in one of the country’s prison camps. Turkey: journalists presumed guiltyAt least 27 journalists and two media assistants held in connection with their workTimid legislative reforms and the start of historic negotiations with the Kurdish rebels have so far changed nothing. Turkey continues to be one of the world’s biggest prisons for journalists. This is paradoxical in a country with democratic institutions and an enduring, pluralist press. But the security-obsessed, paranoid judicial system still shows little respect for freedom of information and the right to due process. Supported by an arsenal of repressive laws, the courts are quick to treat outspoken journalists as “terrorists.” Suspects often spend years in preventive detention before being tried. Of the roughly 60 media workers currently imprisoned, at least 29, including Turabi Kisin and Merdan Yanardag, are being held in connection with their work of gathering and disseminating news and information. Many other cases are still being investigated.Iran: awaiting reform20 journalists and 51 netizens imprisonedHassan Rouhani, a moderate conservative candidate backed by the reformists, was elected president with 51 per cent of the votes on 15 June. Despite his promises of reform and despite the release of some prisoners of conscience, including a few journalists and netizens, most of the news providers who were in prison before his election – the majority of them arrested in the wake of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s disputed reelection as president in June 2009 – are still there.At least 76 journalists have been arrested since the start of 2013, 42 of them since June. Seventeen others have been given sentences ranging from one to nine years in prison. Twelve newspapers and magazines have been suspended or forced to stop publishing under pressure from the authorities. Inhuman treatment of prisoners of opinion continues to be common. Many detainees are still denied medical care despite being very ill or in poor physical and mental health as a result of their imprisonment.Syria: news providers held by both sides20 journalists jailed (as well as 20 other news providers and at least 18 foreign journalists and 22 Syrian news providers kidnapped or missing)The pace of arrests by government security forces has let up, but more than 40 news providers are still languishing in the regime’s jails, putting Syria among the world’s five biggest prisons for news providers. At the same time, the number of abductions of foreign and Syrian journalists has risen in the so-called “liberated” areas since the spring and the increase in ISIS’s influence in the north. The kidnappings have become almost systematic since the autumn.
Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Houston Still Has Unspent Relief Funds from Hurricane Ike The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Subscribe Affordable Housing floods Houston Houston Housing Authority HUD Hurricane Relief Natural Disasters 2018-04-03 David Wharton Related Articles in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, Journal, News Share Save Tagged with: Affordable Housing floods Houston Houston Housing Authority HUD Hurricane Relief Natural Disasters Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Previous: Single-Family Rentals on the Rise Next: The Policy Makers Houston has recovered remarkably well from last year’s hurricane season. After an initial spike in delinquencies in the months following the storm, the Texas Association of Realtors recently reported that home sales volume and home prices in the Lone Star State reached all-time highs for the third year in a row last year. However, it turns out that Houston still has more funds to spend—and we don’t mean the ones from Hurricane Harvey.Governing.com reports that the city of Houston still has unspent funds allotted for the Ike recovery by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. In the years after Hurricane Ike, the city of Houston received more than $200 million from HUD. A total of $45 million went to the Houston Housing Authority. Of that total, Governing.com reports that the agency has to date spent only $12 million, using those funds to build a total of 154 affordable housing units.What’s behind the delay? As Gunsolley told Governing.com, “Our plans got caught up in this national shifting of priorities.”As the government funds were being doled out, the Houston Housing Authority wound up caught between affordable housing advocates urging stronger enforcement of the Fair Housing Act of 1968 and community and political opposition from wealthier areas of the city who didn’t want subsidized housing in their area. According to Governing.com’s report, the HHA eventually tried to buy an existing apartment complex in order to convert 300 of the units into affordable housing. That final attempt was soon interrupted…by last year’s Hurricane Harvey.The case of the HHA and the Ike funds spotlights the complications of distributing and disbursing the millions or billions of federal relief dollars that flow into communities like Houston after a devastating natural disaster hits. Not only are there flood-damaged or destroyed homes in need of assistance to rebuild, but housing advocates argue that the funds should also be used to help disrupt historical patterns of segregation and inequality when it comes to where new affordable housing is built. In fact, a 2010 settlement between Houston and advocacy groups such as Texas Appleseed dictates that the city use some of the Ike funds for “affirmatively furthering fair housing.” On top of all of those competing priorities, there is also a strong financial incentive to focus on building higher-dollar housing stock.Houston has already had billions of dollars allocated to help with the Hurricane Harvey recovery, including $1 billion from FEMA and $5 billion from HUD. While those billions are no doubt sorely needed, the case of the unspent Ike funds suggests it may be a long, difficult road before the money is actually spent.Editor’s note: DS News reached out for comment to HUD and the Houston Housing Authority, but no response was received by press time. We will update this story with their response if and when they are received. Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago April 3, 2018 2,295 Views Home / Daily Dose / Houston Still Has Unspent Relief Funds from Hurricane Ike About Author: David Wharton Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago David Wharton, Managing Editor at the Five Star Institute, is a graduate of the University of Texas at Arlington, where he received his B.A. in English and minored in Journalism. Wharton has over 16 years’ experience in journalism and previously worked at Thomson Reuters, a multinational mass media and information firm, as Associate Content Editor, focusing on producing media content related to tax and accounting principles and government rules and regulations for accounting professionals. Wharton has an extensive and diversified portfolio of freelance material, with published contributions in both online and print media publications. Wharton and his family currently reside in Arlington, Texas. He can be reached at [email protected] Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Print This Post
News UpdatesLaw Students Move Chhattisgarh HC Against BCI Guidelines For Mandatory Semester Exams After Reopening Of Colleges Akshita Saxena14 Oct 2020 5:40 AMShare This – xFour law students from Amity University, Chhattisgarh have moved the High Court against the BCI’s direction to all the law Universities to conduct intermediate semester exams, within a month of reopening of the institution, despite UGC’s decision to promote all students on the basis of previous performance. They will be represented by Advocate Abhishek Sinha and Vivek…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginFour law students from Amity University, Chhattisgarh have moved the High Court against the BCI’s direction to all the law Universities to conduct intermediate semester exams, within a month of reopening of the institution, despite UGC’s decision to promote all students on the basis of previous performance. They will be represented by Advocate Abhishek Sinha and Vivek Verma. The Petitioners have entered the seventh semester of their 5-yrs integrated law course on the basis of the University’s “Promotion to Next Semester of Non Final Year Students” policy dated May 26, 2020. They pointed out that even the UGC has taken a compassionate view in the testing times of Covid-19 and has fixed a criterion for assessment of students in intermediate semesters of various universities for promotion by evaluation of the previous semester and assessment of the current semester. However, it is contended that the decision dated May 27, 2020 of the Bar Council of India, requiring all the law Universities to conduct examination for all the students who have been granted promotion in the affected semester, is “extremely harsh”. It is submitted, “The very existence and purpose behind education system and also conduct of examination is in the interest of students, who are the future of the country. The interest of students should thus be central & paramount to all decision making process and any decision, policy or otherwise, which runs contrary to the interest, well-being, health, safety and life of students, is liable to be struck down for that reason alone.” The Petitioners have informed the Court that the University has already declared the Academic Calendar for the year 2020-2021 in which a packed schedule for various Curricular and Co-curricular activities are scheduled, and there is no scope of any further examination to be held. “It is submitted that the students after being promoted to next semester would be required to familiarise with the new Curriculum which involves fresh subjects and topics, do various assignments face Mid Term tests, Pre-Examination feedback, make up Mid Term test again, practical examination, End Term a Examination and other activities including Backlog Exams stays and internship and other projects. It is submitted that once the fresh semester begins, it would be extremely harsh on the student to write examination of the End Term examination,” the plea states. It has further been submitted that students pursuing other professional courses have all been granted promotion and have been exempted from facing any examination after being promoted. However, only the Law students have been “singled out”. This is alleged to be a gross violation of their rights under Article 14 of the Constitution. It is submitted that once a criteria/yardstick for promotion to the next semester has already been created on the basis of previous academic year assessment and current year evaluation and promotion already been granted to the students, any decision to take examination would amount to “deviation” from the set criteria of evaluation and assessment for which promotion to the next semester has already been granted. The Petitioners seek a direction upon the BCI to take a compassionate view and not compel students to appear for semester end examination. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
ABC News(MOBILE, Ala.) — States of emergency are in effect in Mississippi, Louisiana and parts of Alabama as Tropical Storm Gordon bears down on the Gulf Coast.The storm, bringing gusty winds, heavy rain and potentially flooding, is forecast to strengthen into a hurricane by the time it makes landfall along the Mississippi coastline Tuesday evening.Heavy rain and inland flooding are major concerns for Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana and Arkansas as the storm moves north Wednesday.Some areas may see up to a foot of rain.Storm surge is also a concern, potentially reaching as high as 5 feet.“Nobody should panic but everybody should take this seriously,” Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards said at a news conference Monday.“Gordon is a tight, fast-moving tropical storm,” Alabama Emergency Management Agency Director Brian Hastings said in a statement Tuesday. “If you live in the coastal counties, especially in surge and flood prone areas, it is imperative that you get to a safe place by early afternoon and stay there through Wednesday morning.”Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
Good morning, Sunshine! Today, Mercury will pass between the Earth & the Sun, silhouetting it against our home star. This passage will begin at approximately 7:35am ET and last for more than five hours. Here’s how you can watch the #MercuryTransit: https://t.co/ZPf6Kf98Pa pic.twitter.com/xnE9QdNuMu— NASA (@NASA) November 11, 2019Mercury in transit is a major event, and a rare one. We won’t be able to see the transit again until 2032.If you can’t make it to your local astronomy club, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory will be posting close-up images of the transit, and Slooh is livestreaming the event.Copyright © 2019, ABC Audio. All rights reserved. NASA(NEW YORK) — Mercury will pass in front of the sun on Monday, appearing as a dark spot moving across the star’s bright surface.The cosmic event, which is called a transit, will last for roughly 5.5 hours and started at 7:35 a.m. ET.Unlike a solar eclipse, you can’t see Mercury’s transit with the naked eye. But stargazers have to take precautions.NASA recommends heading to a local astronomy club to use a “specialized, properly-filtered solar telescope.”“You cannot use a regular telescope or binoculars in conjunction with solar viewing glasses,” according to NASA.
Oxygen depletion in the upper ocean is commonly associated with poor ventilation and storage of respired carbon, potentially linked to atmospheric CO2 levels. Iodine to calcium ratios (I/Ca) in recent planktonic foraminifera suggest that values less than ~2.5 μmol mol−1 indicate the presence of O2-depleted water. Here we apply this proxy to estimate past dissolved oxygen concentrations in the near surface waters of the currently well-oxygenated Southern Ocean, which played a critical role in carbon sequestration during glacial times. A down-core planktonic I/Ca record from south of the Antarctic Polar Front (APF) suggests that minimum O2 concentrations in the upper ocean fell below 70 μmol kg−1 during the last two glacial periods, indicating persistent glacial O2 depletion at the heart of the carbon engine of the Earth’s climate system. These new estimates of past ocean oxygenation variability may assist in resolving mechanisms responsible for the much-debated ice-age atmospheric CO2 decline.
Brad James FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailST. GEORGE, Utah-Saturday, seven Dixie State football standouts were named to Phil Steele’s All-independent NCAA FCS squad.The Trailblazers tied the Presbyterian Blue Hose of Clifton, S.C. Fellow NCAA FCS newcomer Tarleton State led the way with 12 newcomers.The Trailblazers honored are as follows:-Redshirt junior signal-caller Kody Wilstead. The 6-7 passer out of Pine View High School completed 54.5 percent of his passes for 1,640 yards, 18 touchdowns and 7 interceptions last season for Dixie State.-Senior tight end Chase Hess. The Taylorsville High School product hauled in 23 passes for 354 yards (15.4 yards per grab) and seven scores last season.-Senior receiver Jalen Powell. The Los Angeles native caught 44 passes for 557 yards and five touchdowns last season for the Trailblazers.-Senior offensive lineman Nathan Aceves. The native of Covina, Calif. played an instrumental role in Dixie State amassing 5008 yards of offense (455. 3 yards per game and 6.3 yards per play) last season as well as 46 net touchdowns.-Redshirt junior defensive lineman Dylan Hendrickson. Last season, the Pine View High School product ranked 14th nationally in NCAA Division II with 10 sacks and posted 11.5 tackles for a loss.-Kicker James Baird. The senior out of Trenton, N.J. made 84.6 percent of his field goal attempts last season (11-13) and 42-45 PAT’s (93.3 percent) last season for the Trailblazers.-Punter Keaton Mott. The senior out of Bingham High School is also a backup quarterback for the Trailblazers. Mott averaged 38.13 yards per punt for Dixie State.The Trailblazers hope to commence their season September 5 at Southern Utah. July 25, 2020 /Sports News – Local Seven Dixie State Football Standouts Named To Phil Steele’s All-Indy FCS Squad Written by Tags: Dixie State Athletics/Dixie State Football